ISO 45001:2018 Internal Audit Checklist

Internal audits are a valuable tool for organizations to assess the effectiveness of their OH&S management system and identify areas for improvement. They can also help to ensure that the organization is meeting its OH&S obligations and complying with relevant legislation. This article will provide an overview of the ISO 45001:2018 internal audit checklist. It will discuss the purpose of internal audits, the types of audits that can be conducted, and the steps involved in conducting an effective audit.

ISO 45001:2018 Internal Audit Checklist
ISO 45001:2018 Internal Audit Checklist

1. Introduction ISO 45001:2018 Internal Audit Checklist

An internal audit is a systematic, independent and documented process for obtaining audit evidence and evaluating it objectively to determine whether the organization’s occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system (OH&SMS) complies with the requirements of ISO 45001:2018 and is effective in achieving its intended outcomes.

The purpose of an internal audit is to provide assurance to the organization’s management and workers that the OH&SMS is effective in protecting the health and safety of workers and other interested parties. Internal audits also help to identify areas for improvement in the OH&SMS.

2. Scope

The scope of an internal audit should be determined by the organization’s management. The scope should include all the elements of the OH&SMS, including the organization’s policy, objectives, processes, procedures, and records.

3. Planning

The internal audit process should be planned in advance. The plan should include the following:

  • The objectives of the audit
  • The scope of the audit
  • The audit criteria
  • The audit procedures
  • The audit schedule
  • The audit team

4. Audit Execution

The audit team should gather evidence to determine whether the OH&SMS complies with the requirements of ISO 45001:2018 and is effective in achieving its intended outcomes. The evidence should be gathered through interviews, observations, and document review.

5. Audit Reporting

The audit team should prepare a report that summarizes the findings of the audit. The report should include the following:

  • A summary of the audit scope
  • The audit findings
  • The conclusions and recommendations

The organization’s management should take action to address the audit findings and recommendations. The effectiveness of the corrective and preventive actions should be monitored to ensure that the OH&SMS continues to be effective.

6. Specific Checklist Items

Specific Checklist Items
Specific Checklist Items

The following are some specific checklist items that can be used to conduct an internal audit of an organization’s OH&SMS:

Leadership and Commitment

  • Does the organization have a documented OH&SMS policy that is supported by senior management?
  • Does the organization have a process for communicating the OH&SMS policy and objectives to workers and other interested parties?
  • Does the organization have a process for ensuring that workers are involved in the development and implementation of the OH&SMS?

Planning

  • Does the organization have a process for identifying and assessing risks and opportunities that could impact the OH&SMS?
  • Does the organization have a process for setting objectives and targets for the OH&SMS?
  • Does the organization have a process for planning and implementing the OH&SMS?

Implementation and Operation

  • Does the organization have a process for ensuring that workers have the necessary knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform their work safely?
  • Does the organization have a process for ensuring that the workplace is safe and healthy?
  • Does the organization have a process for responding to incidents and accidents?

Monitoring, Measurement, Analysis, and Evaluation

  • Does the organization have a process for monitoring and measuring the performance of the OH&SMS?
  • Does the organization have a process for analyzing and evaluating the data collected from monitoring and measurement?
  • Does the organization have a process for taking corrective and preventive action to address any issues identified?

Management Review

  • Does the organization’s management review the OH&SMS on a regular basis?
  • Does the organization’s management make decisions about the OH&SMS based on the results of the review?

Continual Improvement

  • Does the organization have a process for continually improving the OH&SMS?

7. Frequently asked questions

Question 1: What is the purpose of ISO 45001:2018 Internal Audit Checklist?

Answer: The ISO 45001:2018 Internal Audit Checklist serves as a tool to systematically examine and assess an organization’s occupational health and safety management system to ensure compliance with ISO 45001:2018 standards.

Question 2: What are the key elements covered in an ISO 45001:2018 Internal Audit Checklist?

Answer: The checklist typically covers elements such as leadership and worker participation, planning, support, operation, performance evaluation, and improvement, as outlined in the ISO 45001:2018 standard.

Question 3: How often should internal audits be conducted using the ISO 45001:2018 Internal Audit Checklist?

Answer: Internal audits should be conducted at planned intervals, ensuring regular assessments of the occupational health and safety management system. The frequency may vary based on organizational needs and risk factors.

Question 4: What is the role of leadership in the context of ISO 45001:2018 Internal Audits?

Answer: Leadership plays a crucial role in providing commitment, direction, and support for the occupational health and safety management system. During internal audits, leadership’s involvement and adherence to ISO 45001:2018 standards are assessed.

Question 5: How can organizations use the findings from internal audits based on the ISO 45001:2018 checklist for continual improvement?

Answer: Organizations can use the audit findings to identify areas of improvement, implement corrective actions, and enhance their occupational health and safety performance. This contributes to the continual improvement process outlined in ISO 45001:2018.

Question 6: What challenges might organizations face during the implementation of an ISO 45001:2018 Internal Audit Checklist?

Answer: Common challenges include ensuring auditor competence, obtaining commitment from all levels of the organization, and managing documentation effectively. Overcoming these challenges is essential for a successful internal audit process aligned with ISO 45001:2018 standards.

An internal audit is an important tool for ensuring that an organization’s OH&SMS is effective in protecting the health and safety of workers and other interested parties. By conducting regular internal audits, organizations can identify areas for improvement and take steps to ensure that their OH&SMS meets the requirements of ISO 45001:2018.

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